Australia Day – 2023

Posted on Thu 01/26/2023 by


By Anton Lang ~

January the 26th is set aside every year here in Australia as the day we celebrate the founding of Australia. This was the day when Captain Arthur Phillip first claimed this vast Continent in the Southern Hemisphere as an English Colony on the 26th January 1788.

Years earlier, Captain James Cook had discovered the Eastern Coast of this Continent on his voyage of discovery and exploration in 1770.

This vast continent was already populated with indigenous people, but when Captain  Phillip claimed the land, this was the first time a foreign Nation had come here to settle this vast Continent.

I have Posted a series on the discovery and settlement and the early days of Australian settlement, and the links to each of those five separate Posts are at the bottom of this Post.

The Australian Coat Of Arms

The image shown at right is of the Australian Coat Of Arms. It shows a Kangaroo and an Emu, animals native only to Australia. They are holding a shield, and on that shield are the coats of arms of the six States that make up Australia, those States being New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. As well as those 6 States, there are 2 territories, The Northern Territory, and The Australian Capital Territory.

This is in effect our National Day. It is a declared Public Holiday, and all across the Country there are literally many hundreds of public celebrations to commemorate the Day, in Capital Cities, and many cities and towns across Australia. Also on this day, there are numerous Citizenship ceremonies where people who have come here from other Countries are naturalised as Australian citizens. In all, on this day, this year, many thousands of people from more than 160 Countries will become Australian citizens in ceremonies all across the Country, some starting at first light.

The article at the following link gives some details of the many and varied celebrations going on around Australia today.

Australia Day Celebrations

The day is also contentious when it comes to the Indigenous population, who refer to this day as Invasion Day, and there will be many demonstrations across the Country for this also, and the link below details some of those, and also the background behind this.

Invasion Day Demonstrations


Also on this day, a number of Australians are honoured for the selfless work that they do for the Community and also the Country. This award is known as the Order Of Australia, and there are two Award dates each year, the largest of which is on Australia Day. This award is mostly for people in every day life who have given years of service to Australia in many forms, mainly in the community.

THE ORDER OF AUSTRALIA (Left to Right) Companion, Officer, Member, Medal

The four levels of the Order of Australia are Companion (AC), Officer (AO), Member (AM), and Medal, (OAM), and they are the medals as shown in the image at right.

Today, 1047 people in all were honoured, and of that total, 736 were honoured with the Award in the General Division of The Order of Australia in all four of the General Divisions of the Order. As well as these awards given in the General Division, there were also Awards given for those who work with distinction in the Public Service, the Police Service, the Fire Service, the Ambulance Service, and in the Emergency Services. As well as all those, people serving with distinction in the three arms of the Military Services also received the Military version of the Order Of Australia, and that was also in those same four Divisions.

The awards are open to any Australian, and they cover a diverse range of people from every background in Australia from politics, the medical and academic fraternities, sports, the arts, media, and all the way to community service for the average Australian.

The following link is just one article on some of the people awarded this rare honour on this Australia Day, 2023, for their service to Australia in their designated areas.

Australia Day Honours


Also on this day, the Australian Of The Year is also announced. Each of the six States and two Territories nominate one person, and from that short list of 8 persons, the Australian of the year is selected.

There are four separate Awards, the highest of which is Australian of the year, and the other three are for the Young Australian of the year, Senior Australian of the year, and Local Hero.

This year that prestigious honour of Australian of the year was bestowed on Taryn Brumfitt, from South Australia, and she is a body image activist.

The article giving some background on Taryn Brumfitt is at the following link.

Australian of the year, Taryn Brumfitt takes body positivity message to kids


While ANZAC Day (April 25th) is perhaps the most solemn day on the Australian calendar, Australia day is the day we, as a collective Nation, celebrate our relatively long heritage.

I have detailed the early discovery and the settlement of Australia in the five Posts at the following links.

Part 1. Australia (Part One) The Genesis

Part 2. Australia (Part Two) Germ Of An Idea

Part 3. Australia (Part Three) Arrival

Part 4. Australia (Part Four) The Early Years

Part5. Australia (Part Five) Young Men In Boats

Anton Lang uses the screen name of TonyfromOz, and he writes at this site, PA Pundits International on topics related to electrical power generation, from all sources, concentrating mainly on Renewable Power, and how the two most favoured methods of renewable power generation, Wind Power and all versions of Solar Power, fail comprehensively to deliver levels of power required to replace traditional power generation. His Bio is at this link.