Australian Daily Electrical Power Generation Data – Sunday 15th September 2019 – Plus Weekly And Rolling Totals

Posted on Mon 09/16/2019 by

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By Anton Lang ~

This Post details the daily power consumption data for the AEMO coverage area in Australia. For the background information, refer to the Introductory Post at this link.

Each image is shown here at a smaller size to fit on the page alongside the data for that day. If you click on each image, it will open on a new page and at a larger size so you can better see the detail.

Note also the scale change for all of the images, and that even though they look similar in size of generation, that scale (the total power shown on the left hand vertical axis) has been changed to show the graph at a larger size to better fit the image for that graph.

Sunday 15th September 2019

Total Power Generation All Sources

Here, the total power generation from every power plant source is the top of the load curve, with each colour indicating a source of power generation. This is also similar to the total power consumption, which is slightly lower after minor grid losses are taken into account.

The dark grey colour is for the black coal fired power generation. The yellowish colour is for the brown coal fired power generation. The purple colour is for natural gas fired power generation. The blue colour is for Hydro (water) power generation. The green colour is for wind power generation. The red colour in the dip between the two peaks is for solar power plant generation. The other colours mixed in with the rest of them are from those smaller Other sources. Rooftop solar power is not included on this graph, as this shows just the power generation from all power plants only.

In the data below, both of those (exact) figures for total power consumption for the daily minimum and the daily Peak are taken directly from the AEMO site, adding up the totals for each of the five States in this coverage area. Also, note the slight difference between Total Consumed Power and Total Generated Power. That indicates some of the losses in the grid system

Daily Minimum Power Consumption – 16940MW (3.55AM)

Daily Peak Power Consumption – 23080MW (6.45PM)

Daily Minimum Generated Power – 17600MW (3.55AM)

Daily Maximum Generated Power – 23800MW (6.45PM)

Average Total Power Generation – 19700MW

Total Power Generation In GWH – 472.8GWH

All Fossil Fuels Total – Coal Fired and Natural Gas Fired Power Generation

Here, the upper black line is the total from all fossil fuels, and this is the same as for all three colours, the grey, dark yellow and purple colours combined in the image directly above.

The black line just under that top black line is the Sub Total just for coal fired power, and that is the same as the combined colours of the grey and dark yellow on the image above. Note here how closely that coal fired line follows the shape of the upper Load Curve, and this indicates that coal fired power can be ramped up and down to follow actual power consumption.

Daily Minimum Coal Fired – 11760MW

Daily Peak Coal Fired – 15780MW

Average Coal Fired Generation – 13830MW

Total Generated Power – 331.92GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 70.20%

Natural Gas Fired Power Generation

This image for Natural Gas Fired Power Generation shows the gap between the total for all Fossil Fuelled Sources of power generation and Coal Fired Power Generation in the image directly above.

Note here how closely the shape follows the total power generation Load Curve in the top image, indicating how these natural gas fired plants are used to smooth out the load curve to match actual power consumption.

Note also that while coal fired power provides the bulk of the power, these natural gas fired plants are used to add more power to the system during those time periods during the day when consumption rises for the morning peak, and the main evening Peak

Daily Minimum – 530MW

Daily Peak – 3490MW

Average Natural Gas Fired Generation – 1300MW

Total Generated Power – 31.2GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 6.60%

All Renewable Power Generation Versus Total Power Generation

This Image shows just the gap between total power generation from every source and the total power from the three renewable sources only. It is the same image as the first image at the top here, only with the fossil fuelled total (the grey, yellow and purple colours) and those smaller Other sources removed from the graph, As in that top image, it shows Hydro Power, (blue colour) wind power, (green colour) and solar power. (red colour)  This image is used here to highlight the gap between the total power generation (that black line, which also includes RTS as well) and the total from renewable sources alone.

All Renewable Power Generation (Does not include rooftop solar generation)

This image is the same as for the one directly above for all renewable power, only with the total from all sources removed from the graph. As the scale of the left hand vertical axis has now changed, you can better see the detail of all renewable power. Again, the blue colour is for hydro, the green colour is for wind, and the red colour is for solar. The other colours you can just make out indicates smaller plants, mostly using biofuels as their fuel source, tiny plants adding up to a very small total and for a short time duration. For this data, I have added the times for the daily minimum, and the daily maximum, to show how they do not correlate with the actual times of minimum power consumption (4AM) and maximum power consumption. (around 6/6.30PM)

Daily Minimum – 3300MW

Daily Peak – 5100MW

Average Renewable Generation – 4190MW

Total Generated Power – 100.56GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 21.27%

Generation From Other Sources

This image shows the power being generated from the smaller sources other than the major sources of power generation. These include Natural Gas/Diesel, Natural gas/Fuel Oil, Coal Seam Methane, Diesel, Kerosene, Waste Coal Mine Gas and Bagasse. All of these are fossil Fuels, excepting Bagasse which is sugar cane waste mostly used to provide main and auxilliary power at sugar mills.

Note the scale change here, as these are smaller producers of power, and the scale is changed so they can be more easily shown on the graph.

For the data here, I have just added the average generation across the day, the total generated power from all these sources, and the percentage of the total.

Average Generation – 380MW

Total Generated Power – 9.12GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 1.93%

Hydro Power Generation

This image shows all Hydro power generation. It is the same as the blue colour in the top image for power generation from all sources.

Again, note here that the shape of this load curve follows the shape of the main load curve for all power generation, in that it has similar peaks in the morning and for the main evening Peak. The coloured lines at the bottom of this graph indicate the power generation from each of the hydro plants in this coverage area.

Daily Minimum – 900MW

Daily Peak – 2220MW

Average Hydro Generation – 1160MW

Total Generated Power – 27.84GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 5.89%

Wind Power Generation

This image shows the total power generated by every wind plant in this vast coverage area. It is the same as for the green coloured line in the image at the top showing generation from all sources.

The total Nameplate for all these wind plants is 6702MW, from a total of 55 wind plants.

Note that the shape of this load curve does not follow the shape of the main load curve for total power generation. Wind power generates its power only when the wind is blowing, hence it does not follow actual power consumption levels.

For this data, I have added the times for the daily minimum, and the daily maximum, to show how they do not correlate with the actual times of minimum power consumption (4AM) and maximum power consumption. (around 6/6.30PM in Winter and earlier during the Summer Months.)

Daily Minimum – 2010MW (1.20PM)

Daily Peak – 3110MW (9.35PM)

Average Wind Generation – 2480MW

Total Generated Power – 59.52GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 12.59%

Solar Power Plant Generation

This image shows the total power generated from all the solar power plants in this coverage area. This is the same as for the red coloured area you can just see in that top image.

The total Nameplate for all these 41 solar plants is 3075MW.

Daily Minimum – Zero

Daily Peak – 1800MW

Average Solar Plant Generation for hours of generation – 1150MW (6.00AM till 6.00PM)

Average Solar Plant Generation across the whole 24 hour day – 550MW

Total Generated Power – 13.2GWH

Average Percentage Of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 2.79%

Rooftop Solar Power Generation

As this source of power generation is classed as ‘behind the meter’, it is not included in the total power generation. Note here that the State of Queensland (QLD on the legend under the graph) is broken down into four separate areas as this is the largest State with the largest number of installations.

While the total Nameplate changes often, the latest information is that the total is now 8000MW and higher, and that is a large total. However, that total equates to almost 2 Million homes with panels on their roof. That equates to an average sized installation of 4.3KW. Most of the power is consumed by the homes with the panels, and what is fed back to the grid is only consumed in the local residential areas. While seemingly still high this total is spread across that huge number of installations across the whole of this coverage area.

Daily Minimum – Zero

Daily Peak – 4220MW

Average For Hours of Generation – 2330MW (6.00AM till 6.00PM)

Average Rooftop Solar Generation across the whole 24 hour day – 1110MW

Total Generated Power – 26.64GWH

Average Percentage Of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 5.63%

Wind And Solar Power Generation Versus Total Power Generation

This image shows the total power generated from all the wind plants, and all the solar power plants in this coverage area, combined in the one image, and compares it to the overall total generated power, the black line at the top of the graph, which also includes RTS as well. Wind power is the green coloured area, and solar plant power is the red coloured area, and these are the same as shown in those other coloured images at the top of the Post.

I have also added the data below for the total generated power for both wind and solar plant power combined, and the percentage of the overall total below for the maximum power from both sources with respect to the overall total, both at the maximum for both, and then for the total for both at the daily peak Power time.

Daily Peak for Wind and Solar Plant Power – 4000MW

Average Across the whole day – 3030MW

Total Generated Power – 72.72GWH

Average Percentage of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 15.38%

Total Generated power at the daily maximum for both wind and solar plant power, the time of that maximum, and percentage of the total at that daily maximum –  4000MW – 12.20PM – 22.60%

Total Generated power for wind and solar plant power at Peak Power Consumption time for the day, and percentage of total at that daily Peak Power time – 2800MW – 6.45PM – 11.76%

Overall Total With Rooftop Solar Power Added

This image shows the overall total generated power with Rooftop Solar Power (RTS) added to the total from all of the power plants. RTS is shown here as that orange colour added near the top of the graph in the middle, during daylight hours, and is indicated on the legend below the graph as Rooftop PV (PhotoVoltaics). The new overall total is that black line along the top of the Load Curve. Note here that with this RTS total added, the shape of the full load curve, the black line now looks almost exactly as Summer load curves used to look prior to the advent of RTS, and all those panels on roofs of private dwellings.

Notes

  1. Finding Averages – On each (non solar) graph, there are 25 hourly time points, starting with midnight and finishing with midnight. I have added the total at each time point together, and divided by 25.
  2. For both solar power averages, I have used the same addition of hourly time points and then divided by the same number of those time points of actual generation. Every so often, as the days get longer (or shorter after Summer) I change the hours of generation as those hours change.
  3. For total power in GWH, multiply the average daily power by 24, and then divide by 1000.
  4. The total percentages for coal fired power, natural gas fired power, all renewables, and those other smaller sources add up to 100%.
  5. The total percentages for Hydro, Wind, and Solar adds up to the total percentage for all Renewables.
  6. Total Generated Power is expressed here as GWH (GigaWattHours) and a GWH is a MWH (MegaWattHour) multiplied by 1000

Comments For This Day

On this Sunday, overall power consumption fell away markedly, dropping by 2.3% across the day, and the total power generation for the day came in at 472.8GWH, at an hourly average of 19700MW, the lowest daily total for power generation for quite a while, and this was 550MW lower than it was for the day before this one.

The early AM Base Load was 500MW lower on this day, at just 17600MW, and for once this is below that year round average of 18000MW. The evening peak was 300MW higher though than it was for the day before this one, and that was at 6.45PM, when it was 23800MW. Across the five States with their individual peaks at differing times, the peak in New South Wales (NSW) was 290MW lower. In Queensland, it was 240MW higher. In Victoria, it was 390MW higher. In the two States with the lowest power consumption, the peak in South Australia was 20MW lower, and in Tasmania, it was just 10MW lower.

Despite the overall dropping by a relatively large amount, the average for coal fired power was higher on this day, up by 160MW to an hourly average of 13830MW. The range between the high for the day and the low was 4020MW and coal fired power generated a maximum for the day of 15780MW. In NSW, Unit 6 at the Vales Point plant came back on line at 3.30AM, and was back at maximum power output by 3PM. In Queensland, Unit 3 at the Gladstone plant came back on line at 5PM, and was back near maximum output at 11PM. There are ten of those coal fired Units off line, five in NSW, three in Victoria, and two in Queensland.

The average for natural gas fired power was significantly lower on this day, down by 1080MW, and as you can see from the Load Curve for this source, between those two daily peaks, (the morning one barely registering) this source was only generating around that minimum of 530MW for a number of hours. The average for those smaller Other sources was also significantly lower as well, down to an average of just 380MW, and that was 350MW lower than for the day before. The average for hydro power was also lower on the day, down by 180MW, and the average for those solar power plants was also down, 150MW lower on this day.

And yes, with those three non coal sources so much lower, then it was the case that wind power was significantly higher on this day, again highlighting the irony that wind power has a good day when a hell of a lot less power is required, and also on the day of lowest power consumption for the week. The average for wind power was 1030MW higher at an hourly rate of 2480MW, and that gave wind power a daily operational Capacity Factor of 37%, higher than the year round average of 30%.

On a day when the overall was lower, and coal fired power higher, coal fired power delivered 70.20% of all the generated power for the day.

*****

WEEKLY DATA For Week Fifty.

Notes For Weekly and Rolling Totals

  1. Here, the Overall is 100%, so Coal + Natural Gas (NG) + Other + Renewable adds up to that 100%
  2. Hydro, Wind and Solar add up to the total for Renewable.
  3. For the first Rolling Total, Rooftop Solar Power (which is behind the meter) is a percentage of the overall total and on top of that total.
  4. For the second Rolling Total, Rooftop Solar Power is added to the total overall power generation, and new percentages are calculated from that new overall total.
  5. Total Generated Power is expressed here as GWH (GigaWattHours) and a GWH is a MWH (MegaWattHour) multiplied by 1000.

WEEKLY TOTALS (In GWH)

Week       Total          Coal            NG           Other        Renew        Hydro        Wind        Solar        Rooftop Solar

50             3693.6      2442        425.04        122.16       704.4         264.96       329.76     109.68         207.12

Percent of total       66.11%      11.51%         3.31%       19.07%        7.17%        8.93%       2.97%          5.21%.

COMMENTS for this week.

Closing in on a full year’s data now, and you can see that with the end of Winter, and now into the benign season when power consumption is so much lower, overall power consumption is falling away. That total power generation for this week was marginally lower than last week’s total, down by just half a percent. That total power generation for the week of 3693.6GWH is at an hourly average of 21985MW.

With the days becoming longer, and the Sun a little higher in the sky now, both versions of solar power will be increasing marginally each week, and that has started already.

The total for Renewables was 2% lower this week, and all of that was made up with an increase to natural gas fired power and those smaller Other sources. Hydro was slightly lower.

Wind power had a couple of good days a really low day and a couple of average days to end up the week delivering its power at a weekly operational Capacity Factor of 29.29%, almost right on that year round average for this source.

Coal fired power was slightly lower this week, as more of those Units go off line for maintenance in the lead up to when they are needed the most for this upcoming Summer. That percentage for coal fired power will shrink a little, as it always does at this time of year, and even so, it is still only just under that 70% mark for all generated power from power plants.

*****

ROLLING TOTALS After Week Fifty (In GWH) (Just power generation from power plants with rooftop solar behind the meter)

For these totals, Coal + NG + Other + Renewable = 100%. Hydro + Wind + Solar = Renewable Percentage

Week       Total          Coal            NG           Other        Renew        Hydro        Wind        Solar        Rooftop Solar

50          190885.2   137184    16948.32    4357.68     32395.2    13528.32   15269.28   3597.6       8523.12

Percent of total        71.87%      8.88%        2.28%       16.97%       7.09%        8.00%       1.88%         4.47%

ROLLING TOTALS After Week Fifty (In GWH) (With rooftop solar added to the renewable total, and the overall total, and new percentages calculated from that new overall total)

For these totals, Coal + NG + Other + Renewable = 100%. Hydro + Wind + Solar + Rooftop Solar = Renewable Percentage

Week       Total          Coal            NG           Other        Renew        Hydro        Wind        Solar        Rooftop Solar

50        199408.32   137184    16948.32    4357.68    40918.32   13528.32  15269.28   3597.6       8523.12

Percent of total        68.80%     8.50%        2.19%        20.51%        6.78%       7.66%       1.80%          4.27%

COMMENTS for this week.

Week 50 now, and the data changes little with each week now. That total generated power from all power plants of 190885.2GWH comes in at an hourly average of 22724MW.

After 50 weeks now, that operational Capacity Factor for wind power stands at 29.43%, remarkably close to the year round average of 30% I have quoted all along.

That percentage on the second set of Rolling Totals for renewables (which also takes into account rooftop solar power) is now stuck above 20%, and should stay there. It has been gradually increasing each week by a hundredth or two of a percent, and in fact should further increase by similar small percentage increments, mainly from the increases to both versions of solar power.

Coal fired power is still around that 70% mark in both sets of data for those Rolling Totals.

Anton Lang uses the screen name of TonyfromOz, and he writes at this site, PA Pundits International on topics related to electrical power generation, from all sources, concentrating mainly on Renewable Power, and how the two most favoured methods of renewable power generation, Wind Power and all versions of Solar Power, fail comprehensively to deliver levels of power required to replace traditional power generation. His Bio is at this link.

OzPowerGenerationTFO

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