Australian Daily Electrical Power Generation Data – Sunday 8th September 2019 – Plus Weekly And Rolling Totals

Posted on Mon 09/09/2019 by

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By Anton Lang ~

This Post details the daily power consumption data for the AEMO coverage area in Australia. For the background information, refer to the Introductory Post at this link.

Each image is shown here at a smaller size to fit on the page alongside the data for that day. If you click on each image, it will open on a new page and at a larger size so you can better see the detail.

Note also the scale change for all of the images, and that even though they look similar in size of generation, that scale (the total power shown on the left hand vertical axis) has been changed to show the graph at a larger size to better fit the image for that graph.

Sunday 8th September 2019

Total Power Generation All Sources

Here, the total power generation from every power plant source is the top of the load curve, with each colour indicating a source of power generation. This is also similar to the total power consumption, which is slightly lower after minor grid losses are taken into account.

The dark grey colour is for the black coal fired power generation. The yellowish colour is for the brown coal fired power generation. The purple colour is for natural gas fired power generation. The blue colour is for Hydro (water) power generation. The green colour is for wind power generation. The red colour in the dip between the two peaks is for solar power plant generation. The other colours mixed in with the rest of them are from those smaller Other sources. Rooftop solar power is not included on this graph, as this shows just the power generation from all power plants only.

In the data below, both of those (exact) figures for total power consumption for the daily minimum and the daily Peak are taken directly from the AEMO site, adding up the totals for each of the five States in this coverage area. Also, note the slight difference between Total Consumed Power and Total Generated Power. That indicates some of the losses in the grid system

Daily Minimum Power Consumption – 17380MW (4.00AM)

Daily Peak Power Consumption – 25050MW (6.45PM)

Daily Minimum Generated Power – 18100MW (4.00AM)

Daily Maximum Generated Power – 26300MW (6.45PM)

Average Total Power Generation – 21200MW

Total Power Generation In GWH – 508.8GWH

All Fossil Fuels Total – Coal Fired and Natural Gas Fired Power Generation

Here, the upper black line is the total from all fossil fuels, and this is the same as for all three colours, the grey, dark yellow and purple colours combined in the image directly above.

The black line just under that top black line is the Sub Total just for coal fired power, and that is the same as the combined colours of the grey and dark yellow on the image above. Note here how closely that coal fired line follows the shape of the upper Load Curve, and this indicates that coal fired power can be ramped up and down to follow actual power consumption.

Daily Minimum Coal Fired – 12000MW

Daily Peak Coal Fired – 16870MW

Average Coal Fired Generation – 14050MW

Total Generated Power – 337.2GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 66.27%

Natural Gas Fired Power Generation

This image for Natural Gas Fired Power Generation shows the gap between the total for all Fossil Fuelled Sources of power generation and Coal Fired Power Generation in the image directly above.

Note here how closely the shape follows the total power generation Load Curve in the top image, indicating how these natural gas fired plants are used to smooth out the load curve to match actual power consumption.

Note also that while coal fired power provides the bulk of the power, these natural gas fired plants are used to add more power to the system during those time periods during the day when consumption rises for the morning peak, and the main evening Peak

Daily Minimum – 490MW

Daily Peak – 2810MW

Average Natural Gas Fired Generation – 1100MW

Total Generated Power – 26.4GWH

Average Percentage Of Total -5.19 %

All Renewable Power Generation Versus Total Power Generation

This Image shows just the gap between total power generation from every source and the total power from the three renewable sources only. It is the same image as the first image at the top here, only with the fossil fuelled total (the grey, yellow and purple colours) and those smaller Other sources removed from the graph, As in that top image, it shows Hydro Power, (blue colour) wind power, (green colour) and solar power. (red colour)  This image is used here to highlight the gap between the total power generation (that black line, which also includes RTS as well) and the total from renewable sources alone.

All Renewable Power Generation (Does not include rooftop solar generation)

This image is the same as for the one directly above for all renewable power, only with the total from all sources removed from the graph. As the scale of the left hand vertical axis has now changed, you can better see the detail of all renewable power. Again, the blue colour is for hydro, the green colour is for wind, and the red colour is for solar. The other colours you can just make out indicates smaller plants, mostly using biofuels as their fuel source, tiny plants adding up to a very small total and for a short time duration. For this data, I have added the times for the daily minimum, and the daily maximum, to show how they do not correlate with the actual times of minimum power consumption (4AM) and maximum power consumption. (around 6/6.30PM)

Daily Minimum – 4400MW

Daily Peak – 6800MW

Average Renewable Generation – 5520MW

Total Generated Power – 132.48GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 26.04%

Generation From Other Sources

This image shows the power being generated from the smaller sources other than the major sources of power generation. These include Natural Gas/Diesel, Natural gas/Fuel Oil, Coal Seam Methane, Diesel, Kerosene, Waste Coal Mine Gas and Bagasse. All of these are fossil Fuels, excepting Bagasse which is sugar cane waste mostly used to provide main and auxilliary power at sugar mills.

Note the scale change here, as these are smaller producers of power, and the scale is changed so they can be more easily shown on the graph.

For the data here, I have just added the average generation across the day, the total generated power from all these sources, and the percentage of the total.

Average Generation – 530MW

Total Generated Power – 12.72GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 2.5%

Hydro Power Generation

This image shows all Hydro power generation. It is the same as the blue colour in the top image for power generation from all sources.

Again, note here that the shape of this load curve follows the shape of the main load curve for all power generation, in that it has similar peaks in the morning and for the main evening Peak. The coloured lines at the bottom of this graph indicate the power generation from each of the hydro plants in this coverage area.

Daily Minimum – 1120MW

Daily Peak – 2640MW

Average Hydro Generation – 1530MW

Total Generated Power – 36.72GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 7.22%

Wind Power Generation

This image shows the total power generated by every wind plant in this vast coverage area. It is the same as for the green coloured line in the image at the top showing generation from all sources.

The total Nameplate for all these wind plants is 6702MW, from a total of 55 wind plants.

Note that the shape of this load curve does not follow the shape of the main load curve for total power generation. Wind power generates its power only when the wind is blowing, hence it does not follow actual power consumption levels.

For this data, I have added the times for the daily minimum, and the daily maximum, to show how they do not correlate with the actual times of minimum power consumption (4AM) and maximum power consumption. (around 6/6.30PM in Winter and earlier during the Summer Months.)

Daily Minimum – 2980MW (7.30AM)

Daily Peak – 4400MW (10.55PM)

Average Wind Generation – 3530MW

Total Generated Power – 84.72WH

Average Percentage Of Total – 16.65%

Solar Power Plant Generation

This image shows the total power generated from all the solar power plants in this coverage area. This is the same as for the red coloured area you can just see in that top image.

The total Nameplate for all these 41 solar plants is 3075MW.

Daily Minimum – Zero

Daily Peak – 1700MW

Average Solar Plant Generation for hours of generation – 950MW (6.30AM till 6.00PM)

Average Solar Plant Generation across the whole 24 hour day – 460MW

Total Generated Power – 11.04GWH

Average Percentage Of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 2.17%

Rooftop Solar Power Generation

As this source of power generation is classed as ‘behind the meter’, it is not included in the total power generation. Note here that the State of Queensland (QLD on the legend under the graph) is broken down into four separate areas as this is the largest State with the largest number of installations.

While the total Nameplate changes often, the latest information is that the total is now 8000MW and higher, and that is a large total. However, that total equates to almost 2 Million homes with panels on their roof. That equates to an average sized installation of 4.3KW. Most of the power is consumed by the homes with the panels, and what is fed back to the grid is only consumed in the local residential areas. While seemingly still high this total is spread across that huge number of installations across the whole of this coverage area.

Daily Minimum – Zero

Daily Peak – 4360MW

Average For Hours of Generation – 2350MW (6.30AM till 6.00PM)

Average Rooftop Solar Generation across the whole 24 hour day – 1120MW

Total Generated Power – 26.88GWH

Average Percentage Of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 5.28%

Wind And Solar Power Generation Versus Total Power Generation

This image shows the total power generated from all the wind plants, and all the solar power plants in this coverage area, combined in the one image, and compares it to the overall total generated power, the black line at the top of the graph, which also includes RTS as well. Wind power is the green coloured area, and solar plant power is the red coloured area, and these are the same as shown in those other coloured images at the top of the Post.

I have also added the data below for the total generated power for both wind and solar plant power combined, and the percentage of the overall total below for the maximum power from both sources with respect to the overall total, both at the maximum for both, and then for the total for both at the daily peak Power time.

Daily Peak for Wind and Solar Plant Power – 5200MW

Average Across the whole day – 3990MW

Total Generated Power – 95.76GWH

Average Percentage of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 18.82%

Total Generated power at the daily maximum for both wind and solar plant power, the time of that maximum, and percentage of the total at that daily maximum –  5200MW – 3.35PM – 25.87%

Total Generated power for wind and solar plant power at Peak Power Consumption time for the day, and percentage of total at that daily Peak Power time – 4200MW – 6.45PM – 15.97%

Overall Total With Rooftop Solar Power Added

This image shows the overall total generated power with Rooftop Solar Power (RTS) added to the total from all of the power plants. RTS is shown here as that orange colour added near the top of the graph in the middle, during daylight hours, and is indicated on the legend below the graph as Rooftop PV (PhotoVoltaics). The new overall total is that black line along the top of the Load Curve. Note here that with this RTS total added, the shape of the full load curve, the black line now looks almost exactly as Summer load curves used to look prior to the advent of RTS, and all those panels on roofs of private dwellings.

Notes

  1. Finding Averages – On each (non solar) graph, there are 25 hourly time points, starting with midnight and finishing with midnight. I have added the total at each time point together, and divided by 25.
  2. For both solar power averages, I have used the same addition of hourly time points and then divided by the same number of those time points of actual generation. Every so often, as the days get longer (or shorter after Summer) I change the hours of generation as those hours change.
  3. For total power in GWH, multiply the average daily power by 24, and then divide by 1000.
  4. The total percentages for coal fired power, natural gas fired power, all renewables, and those other smaller sources add up to 100%.
  5. The total percentages for Hydro, Wind, and Solar adds up to the total percentage for all Renewables.
  6. Total Generated Power is expressed here as GWH (GigaWattHours) and a GWH is a MWH (MegaWattHour) multiplied by 1000

Comments For This Day

On this Sunday, overall power consumption fell, and the total power generation for the day came in at 508.8GWH, at an hourly average of 21200MW, which is around the average for the last few weekends, and that was a drop of 450MW when compared to what the average was for the day before.

The early AM Base Load was 700MW lower at 18100MW. almost back to the yearly average for this indicator. The evening peak however, was 700MW higher, at around the same time as usual, 6.45PM, and that was 26300MW. Across the five States with their individual peaks at differing times, the peak in New South Wales (NSW) was 340MW higher. In Queensland, it was 140MW higher. In Victoria, it was 240MW higher. In the two States with the lowest power consumption, the peak in South Australia was 30MW higher, and in Tasmania, it was unusually lower by 150MW, a large drop for such a small consumer.

While the overall was lower, the average for coal fired power was higher, up by 120MW to an hourly average of 14050MW. The situation of last weekend where the minimum power plant generation was in the early afternoon between the two peaks did not arise this weekend, and the low at the dip point minimum between those two peaks was higher than it was for the day before, and coal fired power also generated a higher maximum on this day as well. The range between the low for the day and the high was 4870MW, and the maximum power generated on this day from coal fired Units was 16870MW, a full 1400MW higher than it was yesterday. In NSW, Unit 1 at the Mt. Piper plant went off line at 7.30AM, falling back to zero output almost immediately. It then came back on line at 10AM, and by Midday was back at the output it was delivering at before going off line. Also in NSW, Unit6 at the Va;es Point plant came back on line at 1AM, and in a slow rise, was back at full output by 9AM. In Queensland, Unit 1 at the Millmerran plant came back on line at 8.30AM, and was also slowly raised to full output, reaching that at 6PM. Also in Queensland, Unit 2 at the Tarong plant came back on line at 10.30AM, and it too was back at full output by 3PM. With those three Units coming back on line on this day, there are now only seven of those coal fired Units off line, three in NSW and two each in Victoria and Queensland.

The average for natural gas fired power was 240MW lower on this day. The average for those smaller Other sources was 110MW lower, and the average for hydro power was also 110MW lower, but still higher than natural gas fired power on this day. The average for solar plant power was 60MW lower.

The average for wind power was still at the high level of the last two days and on this day while 50MW lower, was still at an hourly average of 3530MW, and that gave wind power a daily operational Capacity Factor of 52.67%, still more than 20% higher than the year round average for this source.

With the overall lower, and coal fired power higher, coal fired power delivered 66.27% of all the generated power on this day.

*****

WEEKLY DATA For Week Forty Nine.

Notes For Weekly and Rolling Totals

  1. Here, the Overall is 100%, so Coal + Natural Gas (NG) + Other + Renewable adds up to that 100%
  2. Hydro, Wind and Solar add up to the total for Renewable.
  3. For the first Rolling Total, Rooftop Solar Power (which is behind the meter) is a percentage of the overall total and on top of that total.
  4. For the second Rolling Total, Rooftop Solar Power is added to the total overall power generation, and new percentages are calculated from that new overall total.
  5. Total Generated Power is expressed here as GWH (GigaWattHours) and a GWH is a MWH (MegaWattHour) multiplied by 1000.

WEEKLY TOTALS (In GWH)

Week       Total          Coal            NG           Other        Renew        Hydro        Wind        Solar        Rooftop Solar

49             3711.6     2459.76      362.64       104.4        784.8         293.04       400.56      91.2           193.44

Percent of total       66.27%       9.77%        2.81%       21.15%        7.90%       10.79%      2.46%          5.21%.

COMMENTS for this week.

The total generated power for this last week was 5% lower than for the week before, as the high power consumption of Mid Winter recedes. The total generated power for the week comes in at an hourly average of just a tick under 22100MW. Again highlighting the variability of wind power, the big rise this week was in that wind power sector, after a very low week the week before this, and a high week the week before that. With hydro power slightly lower, and solar plant power also slightly lower, the rise in wind power was enough to show an increase in the total for all renewables, up over 20% this week, with wind power half of that, and that total for wind power gave it an operational Capacity Factor for this week of 35.58%, more than 5% higher than the year round average.

With the days getting longer, and the Sun a little higher in the sky, it was no great surprise to see rooftop solar power increasing its output, but other than on individual and occasional days nearly always a Saturday or Sunday, this rooftop source of power is having no real discernible effect at all on power plant generation.

With that overall down by 5% and coal fired power also lower, but not by as much a percentage as that overall, coal fired power delivered 66.27% of all the generated power for the week.

*****

ROLLING TOTALS After Week Forty Nine (In GWH) (Just power generation from power plants with rooftop solar behind the meter)

For these totals, Coal + NG + Other + Renewable = 100%. Hydro + Wind + Solar = Renewable Percentage

Week       Total          Coal            NG           Other        Renew        Hydro        Wind        Solar        Rooftop Solar

49          187191.6    134742    16523.28    4235.52     31690.8    13263.36   14939.52   3487.92      8316

Percent of total        71.98%      8.83%        2.26%       16.93%       7.09%        7.98%       1.86%         4.44%

ROLLING TOTALS After Week Forty Nine (In GWH) (With rooftop solar added to the renewable total, and the overall total, and new percentages calculated from that new overall total)

For these totals, Coal + NG + Other + Renewable = 100%. Hydro + Wind + Solar + Rooftop Solar = Renewable Percentage

Week       Total          Coal            NG           Other        Renew        Hydro        Wind        Solar        Rooftop Solar

49          195507.6    134742    16523.28    4235.52    40006.8    13263.36  14939.52   3487.92       8316

Percent of total        68.92%     8.45%        2.17%        20.46%        6.79%       7.64%       1.78%          4.25%

COMMENTS for this week.

That total generated power at the first set of Rolling Totals, (just for the power plant power) of 187191.6GWH comes in at an hourly average after 49 weeks of 22740MW per hour.

The percentages change so little with each passing week now as a full year of data approaches, and I might suggest these figures would vary little from now on.

That second set of Rolling Totals with rooftop solar added in gives the total percentage for all renewables at 20.46%, and that has been slowly rising by tiny increments each week, and is now well above that 20% mark, and it should stay there, and in fact slowly rise as Summer approaches.

What has been something of interest to watch closely has been the Capacity Factor for wind power. I have been using the year round average of 30%, and here we are at 49 weeks, and that current Capacity Factor for wind after all that time is in fact 29.43%, almost right on that previous year round average. It was as low as 27%, and from that point has gradually risen to where it is right now.

After all this time, coal fired power is still hovering around that 70% mark, for both sets of Rolling Averages.

Anton Lang uses the screen name of TonyfromOz, and he writes at this site, PA Pundits International on topics related to electrical power generation, from all sources, concentrating mainly on Renewable Power, and how the two most favoured methods of renewable power generation, Wind Power and all versions of Solar Power, fail comprehensively to deliver levels of power required to replace traditional power generation. His Bio is at this link.

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