Australian Daily Electrical Power Generation Data – Friday 30th November 2018

Posted on Sat 12/01/2018 by

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By Anton Lang ~

This Post details the daily power consumption data for the AEMO coverage area in Australia. For the background information, refer to the Introductory Post at this link.

Each image is shown here at a smaller size to fit on the page alongside the data for that day. If you click on each image, it will open on a new page and at a larger size so you can better see the detail.

Note also the scale change for some of the images. That scale (the total power shown on the left hand axis) has been changed to show the graph at a larger size.

Friday 30th November 2018

Total Power Generation All Sources

Here, the black line across the top of the graph shows the total power generation from every source. This is also similar to the total power consumption, which is slightly lower after minor grid losses are taken into account.

The dark grey colour is for the black coal fired power generation. The yellowish colour is for the brown coal fired power generation. The purple colour is for natural gas fired power generation. The blue colour is for Hydro (water) power generation. The green colour is for wind power generation. The red colour in the dip between the two peaks is for solar power plant generation. Rooftop solar power is not included on this graph, as this shows just the power generation from all power plants only.

In the data below, both of those (exact) figures for total power consumption for the daily minimum and the daily Peak are taken directly from the AEMO site, adding up the totals for each of the five States in this coverage area. Also, note the slight difference between Total Consumed Power and Total Generated Power. That indicates some of the losses in the grid system

Daily Minimum Power Consumption – 17760MW

Daily Peak Power Consumption – 23000MW

Daily Minimum Generated Power – 18100MW

Daily Maximum Generated Power – 23700MW

Average Total Power Generation – 21900MW

Total Power Generation In GWH – 525.6GWH

All Fossil Fuels Total – Coal Fired and Natural Gas Fired Power Generation

Here, the upper black line is the total from all fossil fuels, and this is the same as the blue line in the image directly above.

The black line just under that top black line is the Sub Total just for coal fired power. Note here how closely that coal fired line follows the shape of the upper Load Curve, and this indicates that coal fired power can be ramped up and down to follow actual power consumption.

Daily Minimum Coal Fired – 15190MW

Daily Peak Coal Fired – 16860MW

Average Coal Fired Generation – 16280MW

Total Generated Power – 390.72GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 74.34%

Natural Gas Fired Power Generation

This image for Natural Gas Fired Power Generation shows the gap between the total for all Fossil Fuelled Sources of power generation and Coal Fired Power Generation in the image directly above.

Note here how closely the shape follows the total power generation Load Curve in the top image, indicating how these natural gas fired plants are used to smooth out the load curve to match actual power consumption.

Note also that while coal fired power provides the bulk of the power, these natural gas fired plants are used to add more power to the system during those time periods during the day when consumption rises for the morning peak, and the main evening Peak

Daily Minimum – 1370MW

Daily Peak – 3280MW

Average Natural Gas Fired Generation – 2070MW

Total Generated Power – 49.68GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 9.45%

All Renewable Power Generation Versus Total Power Generation

This Image shows just the gap between total power generation from every source and the total power from renewable sources only. It is the same image as the first image at the top here, only with the fossil fuelled total (the grey, yellow and purple colours) removed from the graph, As in that top image, it shows Hydro Power, (blue colour) wind power, (green colour) and solar power. (red colour)  This image is used here to highlight the gap between the total power generation and the total from renewable sources alone.

All Renewable Power Generation (Does not include rooftop solar generation)

This image is the same as for the one directly above for all renewable power, only with the total from all sources removed from the graph. As the scale of the left hand vertical axis has now changed, you can better see the detail of all renewable power. Again, the blue colour is for hydro, the green colour is for wind, and the red colour is for solar. The other colours you can just make out indicates smaller plants, mostly using biofuels as their fuel source, tiny plants adding up to a very small total and for a short time duration. For this data, I have added the times for the daily minimum, and the daily maximum, to show how they do not correlate with the actual times of minimum power consumption (4AM) and maximum power consumption. (around 6/6.30PM)

Daily Minimum – 1100MW

Daily Peak – 4700MW

Average Renewable Generation – 3030MW

Total Generated Power – 72.72GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 13.84%

Generation From Other Sources

This image shows the power being generated from the seven smaller sources other than the major sources of power generation. These include Natural Gas/Diesel, Natural gas/Fuel Oil, Coal Seam Methane, Diesel, Kerosene, Waste Coal Mine Gas and Bagasse. All of these are fossil Fuels, excepting Bagasse which is sugar cane waste mostly used to provide main and auxilliary power at sugar mills.

Note the scale change here, as these are smaller producers of power, and the scale is changed so they can be more easily shown on the graph.

For the data here, I have just added the average generation across the day, the total generated power from all these sources, and the percentage of the total.

Average Generation – 520MW

Total Generated Power – 12.48GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 2.37%

Hydro Power Generation

This image shows all Hydro power generation. It is the same as the orange line in the top image for power generation from all sources.

Again, note here that the shape of this load curve follows the shape of the main load curve for all power generation, in that it has similar peaks in the morning and for the man evening Peak. The coloured lines at the bottom of this graph indicate the power generation from each of the hydro plants in this coverage area.

Daily Minimum – 960MW

Daily Peak – 2770MW

Average Hydro Generation – 1710MW

Total Generated Power – 41.04GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 7.81%

Wind Power Generation

This image shows the total power generated by every wind plant in this vast coverage area. It is the same as for the purple coloured line in the image at the top showing generation from all sources.

The total Nameplate for all these wind plants is 5452MW.

Note that the shape of this load curve does not follow the shape of the main load curve for total power generation. Wind power generates its power only when the wind is blowing, hence it does not follow actual power consumption levels.

For this data, I have added the times for the daily minimum, and the daily maximum, to show how they do not correlate with the actual times of minimum power consumption (4AM) and maximum power consumption. (around 6/6.30PM)

Daily Minimum – 90MW (7.50AM)

Daily Peak – 1790MW (4.00PM)

Average Wind Generation – 740MW

Total Generated Power – 17.76GWH

Average Percentage Of Total – 3.38%

Solar Power Plant Generation

This image shows the total power generated from all the solar power plants in this coverage area. This is the same as for the red coloured line you can just see in that top image.

The total Nameplate for all these 29 solar plants is 2021MW.

Daily Minimum – Zero

Daily Peak – 1400MW

Average Solar Plant Generation for hours of generation – 1030MW (5.30AM till 7.00PM)

Average Solar Plant Generation across the whole 24 hour day – 580MW

Total Generated Power – 13.92GWH

Average Percentage Of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 2.65%

Rooftop Solar Power Generation

As this source of power generation is classed as ‘behind the meter’, it is not included in the total power generation. Note here that the State of Queensland (QLD on the legend under the graph) is broken down into four separate areas as this is the largest State with the largest number of installations.

While the total Nameplate changes often, the latest information is that the total is now 7800MW, and that is a large total. However, that total equates to 1.8 Million homes with panels on their roof. That equates to an average sized installation of 4.3KW. Most of the power is consumed by the homes with the panels, and what is fed back to the grid, while seemingly still high is spread across that huge number of installations across the whole of this coverage area.

Daily Minimum – Zero

Daily Peak – 4350MW

Average For Hours of Generation – 2400MW (5.30AM till 7.30PM)

Average Rooftop Solar Generation across the whole 24 hour day – 1400MW

Total Generated Power – 33.6GWH

Average Percentage Of Total across the whole 24 hour day – 6.39%

Notes

  1. Finding Averages – On each graph there are 25 hourly time points, starting with midnight and finishing with midnight. I have added the total at each time point together, and divided by 25. For coal fired power, I do this on a State by State basis (for the 3 States with coal fired power) and then add the total for each State together.
  2. For both solar power averages, I have used the same addition of hourly time points and then divided by the same number of those time points of actual generation.
  3. For total power in GWH, multiply the average daily power by 24, and then divide by 1000.
  4. The total percentages for coal fired power, natural gas fired power, all renewables, and those other smaller sources add up to 100%.
  5. The total percentages for Hydro, Wind, and Solar adds up to the total percentage for all Renewables.
  6. Total Generated Power is expressed here as GWH (GigaWattHours) and a GWH is a MWH (MegaWattHour) multiplied by 1000

Comments For This Day

On this Friday, power consumption fell slightly, and from that so did overall power generation, which was lower by 300MW per hour to an average per hour of 21900MW.

The average for coal fired power fell as well, almost by the same proportion as did the overall, lower by 210MW to an hourly average of 16280MW. One of the Units at the Bayswater plant in New South Wales, Unit 3 started to run down at around 12.30PM, and took eight hours to wind back to zero power output. In Queensland, Unit 3 at the Tarong plant came back on line at 3.30PM and took five and a half hours to get back up to its maximum power output. So with one down and one back up, it was the same situation as for the last couple of days, with nine coal fired Units off line across those three States.

The averages for the other sources varied, with natural gas down by 40MW, those smaller Other sources lower by 30MW, hydro power lower by 120MW and solar plant power higher by 40MW

Look closely at that graph for wind power. You can see that it varied from a low of only 90MW to a high of 1790MW with the daily average at 740MW, higher than yesterday’s low by 60MW, but still only at a daily operational Capacity Factor of 13.6%.

Note however that low there of just 90MW. That was right at the morning peak. That morning peak at that same time was 22200MW, so at that time, wind power was delivering, wait for this, 0.40% of the power required to keep the Country in electrical power. LESS than half of one percent. That 90MW is at a Capacity Factor of only 1.65%, so, effectively, of those close to 2800 individual wind towers, only 45 of them actually had their blades turning and generating any power at all. There are always going to be times like this, and when that happens, what is to be done if there are no sources of real power in large amounts, as there always is at this time of day. You can’t have the whole of the Country sitting around tapping their fingers waiting for the weather system to move on, so that the wind blows again. You need power for when it is being consumed.

On this day, you can again see that it was coal fired power pulling its weight as per usual, with almost 75% of all power being consumed across the day.

Anton Lang uses the screen name of TonyfromOz, and he writes at this site, PA Pundits International on topics related to electrical power generation, from all sources, concentrating mainly on Renewable Power, and how the two most favoured methods of renewable power generation, Wind Power and all versions of Solar Power, fail comprehensively to deliver levels of power required to replace traditional power generation. His Bio is at this link.

OzPowerGenerationTFO

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