By Mark Alexander
“We may be assured by past experience, that such a practice [as some states charging high taxes on goods from other states] would be introduced by future contrivances…” –James Madison (1788)
Executive Summary: Senate Democrats and Republicans voted 74-20 in a cloture to move S743, the “online sales tax,” to the Senate floor for a vote early next week. This huge tax collection scheme will stifle product and market competition, and innovation and entrepreneurship. That is precisely why, in addition to the Obama administration, mega-retailers like Walmart back this oppressive legislation, and why all advocates of free enterprise need oppose it.
The relentless 24-hour news cycle coverage of the Boston bombers eclipsed last week’s Beltway gun-battle in the Senate, where Democrats shelved the so-called “assault weapons” ban in anticipation of the next mass murder, at which point Democrats will take immediate advantage of emotionally charged populist appeal. Barack Hussein Obama has, of course, mastered this cynical appeal to raw emotion. As Obama lamented last week during his much-publicized tantrum, “Their emotions are … relevant to this debate.” Fortunately, given the legislative delay, emotions yielded to reason — this time.
Obama’s gun-ban legislation itself overshadowed another piece of leftist legislation, rushed through a Senate cloture vote with the support of many Republicans in order to put it before the full Senate as early as next week.
I’m referring to the laughably euphemistic “Marketplace Fairness Act,” a behemoth Internet sales tax collection scheme on interstate sales, which would be more aptly named the “Mega-Retailer Protection Act.” This legislation was formerly designated S. 1832 when backed last year by the Internet Tax Tag Team of Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Lamar Alexander (R-TN.)
Alexander and other backers of this tax collection scheme argue that Internet sales are driven by the avoidance of state and local sales tax. Apparently he forgot that online sales include shipping charges, which often exceed the cost of sales taxes. (Have any of these politicos ever personally completed an online transaction?)
Fact is, e-commerce is driven by product selection, retail price comparison and convenience — old-fashioned free-enterprise competition — not the avoidance of local sales tax. Additionally, many items purchased on the Internet may not be available in a local market, and, much to the shock of some Beltway dwellers, not everyone in America lives next to a mall, or wants to burn up time and fossil fuels in search of a higher priced and lower quality product from a Walmart, K-Mart or Sears.
Some otherwise erudite Republican senators joined Alexander, supporting this tax legislation, suggesting that if on board, they can amend it in order to ease the pain on small online businesses — recalling that most job creation takes place in small companies. For the record, I do not consider that to be legitimate justification for backing this measure. As Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R-NH) has concluded, “There is absolutely nothing conservative about this proposal because, again, what this is about is officials in cash-strapped states across the country looking for new ways to plug their budget holes.”
Predictably, Senate backers are attempting to cover their posteriors with this little nugget in section 3(d) of the bill: “[N]othing in this Act shall be construed as encouraging a State to impose sales and use taxes on any goods or services not subject to taxation prior to the date of the enactment of this Act.” In other words, they can point their fingers at the states when the massive impact of this legislation pounds consumers and the economy.
In effect, this legislation overrides the Supreme Court’s landmark 1992 ruling in Quill Corporation v. North Dakota, in which the Court determined that, in the case of interstate sales, a seller in one state cannot be forced to collect taxes from a buyer in another state and remit those taxes to the buyer’s state. Not only did the Court uphold the historic prohibition on interstate sales tax collections (in this case retail catalog sales), but also given the advent of e-commerce, nonexistent in 1992, there are now millions of small businesses that depend upon online sales.
Based on the “logic” of those arguing for the e-tax, if I travel across a state line to make a purchase in Georgia, which is only a mile away from our Tennessee home, that purchase should be subject to the state and local sales tax where I reside, not Georgia taxes, and the Georgia seller should have to collect and remit it to Tennessee.
Many states, which depend in part on sales taxes, have already legislated that residents of their states remit sales taxes annually on any and all out-of-state purchases. This existing legislation is intrastate, between the voters and their state representatives, exactly where it belongs in a federalist system.
Requiring a seller in one state to collect and remit sales tax on behalf of another state is tantamount to “taxation without representation,” according to Heritage Foundation President Jim DeMint. The former South Carolina senator notes correctly that the mega-retailers “are in favor of the Internet sales tax, because online retailers are competitors. But the other big proponents of the tax are state governments, which would be able to reach into other states for revenue. Politicians want this bill passed to raise new tax revenue for broken state governments facing budget shortfalls. But legislators in state capitals don’t want to make the hard decisions to cut spending or raise taxes on their constituents — they fear the voter backlash. So they’d like their allies in Washington to make it legal for them to tax people who can’t vote against them.”
Political analyst Jeff Jacoby asserts, “States must not be allowed to reach beyond their borders, imposing tax obligations on retailers who had no vote or voice in creating those obligations, no political recourse, no opportunity to be heard. Against such unfairness, Americans once fought a revolution. A craving for revenue is no reason to forget that.”
Of course, the National Retail Federation, which represents huge sellers like Walmart and Amazon.com, backs Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid’s effort to quickly vote on this legislation before American consumers figure out its implications.
But why would an online seller like Amazon support this measure? Because Amazon already has warehouse and shipping facilities in most states, and has already cut tax-break deals with those states.
Moreover, for millions of small online businesses, our own Patriot Post Shop being one, determining, collecting and remitting state and local sales taxes on every purchase massively increases transactional overhead. So Amazon and other mammoth e-commerce sellers are now positioning themselves to “rescue” poor little “mom and pop” online sellers by offering to process all of their transactions — in return for a substantial fee…
If passed, the e-Tax not only will stifle the very product and market competition, innovation and entrepreneurship that drive our economic growth, it most assuredly will force small businesses “under the protective wing” of big transaction clearinghouses, because in addition to state taxes, there are now more than 9,500 regional and local tax jurisdictions in the United States, with, as Jacoby writes, “an ever-shifting kaleidoscope of sales-tax rates, definitions, exemptions, and deadlines.”
All of them would have their hand out for every out-of-state sale.
John Donahoe, president and CEO of eBay, which is the selling arm of millions of small business entrepreneurs, notes, “This isn’t a debate pitting the Internet against Main Street. This is about big retailers, like Amazon, trying to undermine small online businesses.”
Needless to say, the e-Tax has the full support of the Obama administration, which should give prima fascia pause to any Republican and every conservative.
The administration’s statement noted that it “strongly supports S. 743, which will level the playing field for local small business retailers that are in competition every day with large out-of-state online companies. … This bill would eliminate the unfair advantage currently enjoyed by big out-of-state online companies over local neighborhood-based small businesses.”
Now that’s a load of bull pucky! This legislation will in no way “level the playing field” for small retailers. Walmart and other mega-retailers backing this measure have already put most small local American retailers out of business — with the help of their Chinese producers and sweatshops around the globe.
Of course, I support free enterprise and free markets. But the fact is, small online retailers are doing to Walmart and other mega-retailers what the latter did to small local retailers!
The bottom line is this: State legislators already have the ability to require interstate sales taxes payment by their constituents. They just want to avoid the accountability associated with having to collect those taxes — especially when they’re up for re-election.
If the “Mega-Retailer Protection Act” does pass, every governor and state legislator should be held accountable to ensure it is revenue neutral — meaning state sales taxes should be reduced by the same amount of new sales taxes collected — lest those collections would be a windfall to increase the size and scope of state governments — which is, in large measure, the underlying motivation for this tax collection charade.
I’ll close with some wise words from former Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall, which are as true today as they were in 1819: “An unlimited power to tax involves, necessarily, a power to destroy; because there is a limit beyond which no institution and no property can bear taxation.”
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